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Embracing Fig Latex in Cheesemaking and Natural Remedies


We all get a little restless after a long, harsh winter! But here’s something intriguing – many home cheese enthusiasts wonder about making their own rennet. I’m not entirely sure why, but it could be due to the strong do-it-yourself spirit in this community.

I initially thought about writing on this topic but quickly realized the methods for making rennet are so varied that I’d need multiple articles to cover them all (which I may do in the future!).

On cheese forums, the topic of using fig juice as a coagulant often comes up. At first, I assumed this would only be relevant to those in Mediterranean regions.

However, it turns out major fig producers like the USA, Turkey, Greece, and Spain also cultivate a significant number of dried figs, particularly in states like California, Texas, Utah, Oregon, and Washington.

During my research, I noticed a surprising lack of detailed online information about using fig juice to coagulate milk. It seems most of the useful info is packed right here in this article!

The benefits of organic fig milk are truly remarkable. Fig trees are natural wonders, offering everything from the fruit itself to fig leaf tea, fig seed oil, and even fig milk – who knew you could bypass the cow and opt for vegan fig milk for cheesemaking?

While fig milk hasn’t been studied as extensively as other fig products, the findings are quite promising. It’s worth noting, however, that it might cause skin or digestive sensitivities for some. On the upside, cosmetic products derived from fig milk typically avoid these issues.

The term “fig milk” often leads to confusion, sometimes being mistaken for recipes combining milk with figs or the latex from fig trees. When I talk about fig milk here, I’m referring to the sap from fig trees. Let’s dive deeper into this fascinating subject!

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What is Fig Milk/Sap?

When you snap a twig or pluck a piece of fruit from a fig tree, you’ll notice a white, milk-like substance oozing out.

This is known as fig milk, a naturally sweet yet slightly bitter liquid comprising various proteins, enzymes, and latex. This concoction is renowned for its potent antibacterial properties.

What is Fig Milk/Sap?
Credit: 5 Acres & A Dream

Interestingly, the same substance – often referred to as fig sap, juice, or latex – can be quite hazardous for those allergic to it, potentially causing severe skin reactions.

So, it’s crucial to handle it with care, preferably wearing gloves. On the flip side, an old folk remedy suggests that a single drop of this latex on a wart might make it disappear!

This fig latex isn’t just a backyard curiosity; it has substantial applications. As highlighted during the 1988 Second Kenya National Seminar on Agroforestry, fig latex contains ficin, a natural enzyme.

This enzyme, along with others, helps coagulate milk proteins, making it a plant-based alternative to animal rennet used in cheesemaking and even certain medical formulations. In fact, fresh fig latex’s clotting power can be 30 to 100 times stronger than traditional animal rennet.

Moreover, sap from fig leaves has historical significance and uses. Extracted by crushing the leaves, it has been utilized for both medicinal and religious purposes since ancient times.

However, frequent contact with the sap during activities like pruning can lead to skin irritation or more severe reactions if the skin is then exposed to sunlight due to compounds in the sap called furocoumarins.

This reaction is known as phytophotodermatitis, a testament to the potent nature of fig plant components.

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Surprising Health Benefits of Fig Latex

Diving deeper into the topic reveals that fig latex, initially considered harmful, actually holds numerous health advantages!

Typically, this sap is applied topically to treat various skin ailments. It’s particularly effective for removing warts and has traditionally been used repeatedly to combat these pesky growths.

Moreover, fig latex is a trusted cure for ringworm. Simply slice a fig leaf, dab the sap onto the affected area, and watch as it quickly tackles the infection. Thanks to its antifungal properties, it’s also useful for treating genital warts.

There’s been intriguing research into using fig latex to treat skin lesions from Molluscum Contagiosum and flat warts, with studies showing complete recovery after a few weeks.

However, the overall benefits and effectiveness of fig latex in medical treatments remain under-explored. Further scientific investigation is essential for a more comprehensive understanding.

Health Benefits of Fig Latex
Credit: Garden Variety Life

Here’s what we know about the traditional uses and some backed by scientific insights:

Bone Health Booster: Fig latex is a rich source of calcium, which is better absorbed with adequate vitamin D – both of which are plentiful in fig latex, promoting stronger bones and the formation of new bone cells.

Wart Removal: Long cherished as a folk remedy for warts, fig latex shows promise, with about a 50% success rate in some studies. The active component responsible for this effect remains unidentified, suggesting a need for more detailed research.

To use fig latex for wart removal:

  • Step 1: Break off a fig leaf and smear the latex over the wart.
  • Step 2: Allow the latex to dry, becoming sticky after some time.
  • Step 3: Apply twice daily for a week or two for best results.

Antimicrobial Properties: Fig latex exhibits strong antibacterial and antifungal activities. When a fig tree is injured, its latex serves as a protective barrier against microbial infections. Applied to the skin, it may reduce acne and other bacterial skin issues.


Skin Nourishment: Although not a direct moisturizer, fig latex helps seal moisture into the skin, enhancing its appearance and elasticity. For those with sensitive skin, opt for skincare products derived from the fig tree for similar benefits without irritation.

Alternative Dairy Product: While fig milk cheese isn’t widely known, it offers a unique alternative to traditional dairy cheese. Although it doesn’t quite mimic the taste or nutritional profile of regular cheese – having more fiber and vitamins but less protein – it does provide a vegan option for cheese lovers.

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The Historical Use of Fig Sap as a Milk-Curdling Agent

Fig sap has an intriguing history as a coagulant used long before modern methods emerged.

The ancient Romans were familiar with this technique, as evident from Homer’s poetic words in “The Iliad,” describing how swiftly fig sap could curdle milk, drawing a parallel to the speedy healing of the god Ares.

By the 16th century, Italians had refined the use of fig sap in cheese-making. They often combined it with veal rennet and strong acid, creating a durable cheese mixture praised for its longevity.

This blend was believed to protect the cheese from spoiling, likened to the preserving qualities of ‘aqua vita’ for wine.

In more recent times, the interest in fig sap as a rennet substitute has seen a resurgence. In 2002, Gaziantep University’s Food Engineering Department in Turkey tested fig tree latex against traditional calf rennet in cheese production.

The study revealed that cheeses made with fig latex matched those made with calf rennet in several key sensory aspects, including taste and texture.

Further research in 2010 involving ewe’s milk supported these findings, noting that fig sap could yield higher cheese production due to its excellent water retention properties.

Although the color differed, other sensory attributes were comparable to those of cheese made with traditional rennet.

However, it’s not all positive. Some research highlights challenges such as potential bitterness and the need for higher milk setting temperatures when using plant-based coagulants like fig sap.

In summary, while fig sap offers a historical and potentially sustainable alternative to animal-derived rennet, its application in modern cheese-making requires careful consideration to balance traditional flavors and textures with the unique properties of this natural coagulant.

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Harvesting Fig Sap: A Delicate Process

Harvesting fig sap might seem straightforward, but after exploring numerous blogs and YouTube videos, I discovered it’s quite the contrary. Here’s a simple method based on personal experience, without the complexity of a step-by-step blueprint.

Essential Tools for Collecting Fig Sap:

  • A small, sharp knife
  • A glass tube for collection
  • Protective gloves
  • Additional helpers for quicker collection

Steps to Collect Fig Sap:

  1. First, put on your gloves and have your tube and knife ready.
  2. Locate and gently break off a leaf from the upper part of the fig tree.
  3. Position the tube to catch 2-3 drops of the valuable fig sap directly from the break.
  4. Optionally, make shallow incisions on the green parts of the tree to gather more sap. Remember, shallow cuts help avoid damaging the tree.
  5. Continue this method until you’ve collected enough sap. It might take several days if you’re planning to make cheese.
  6. For faster collection, get some help! Enlisting family or neighbors’ kids with the promise of some sweets can make the task more fun and efficient.
Harvesting Fig Sap
Credit: The Hungry Australian

Important Caution: Avoid skin contact with fig sap, especially in sunlight, as it can cause severe irritation and redness due to phytophotodermatitis.

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Making Cheese from Fig Sap: A Unique Alternative

Turning fig sap into cheese is both an art and a science. It might not taste like your typical dairy cheese, but it’s definitely a healthy and unique alternative. Here’s a quick rundown:

  • Collect a sufficient amount of fig sap.
  • Add citric acid to coagulate the proteins.
  • Heat, process, and optionally add salt to finalize your homemade fig sap cheese.

Historical Insight: Historically, as Aristotle noted, fig juice was collected by making an incision in the tree’s green bark and catching the sap on wool. This sap-laden wool was then rinsed into milk, instantly causing it to curdle.

Modern Studies and Uses: According to research, including a notable 2003 study published in the Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, fig sap was traditionally used in cheese-making like Sikma cheese, which is now a lost art.

Collection Tips from the Experts: Experts suggest collecting the latex early in the morning when enzyme activity is at its peak. This ensures you get the most effective coagulating agent for cheese-making.

Making Cheese from Fig Sap
Credit: Voted With Our Forks

This exploration into fig sap and its uses reveals a blend of traditional techniques and modern culinary innovation. Whether you’re a hobbyist or a serious culinary experimenter, fig sap offers a unique twist to conventional recipes.

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Understanding the White Goo on Figs: Is It Safe?

Have you ever noticed a white, milky substance on your figs and wondered what it is? This is actually fig sap, also known as fig milk, which figs and other members of the ficus family produce when their branches or fruits are cut or damaged.

Is Fig Sap Harmful?

While the sap itself isn’t harmful if ingested with the fruit, it can be slightly irritating to some people’s skin. There hasn’t been a documented case of anyone being harmed by eating figs with sap on them.

However, if the sap gets on your skin, especially when exposed to sunlight, it can lead to irritation and redness. This reaction is known as phytophotodermatitis and can be quite severe, causing discomfort and long-term skin damage if not managed properly.

Identifying the Residue on Dried Figs: Sometimes, dried figs may also have a white coating, which could be mistaken for mold. More often than not, this is simply crystallized sugars that appear as the fruit dries. A close inspection should tell you if it’s mold or just sugar.

The Many Uses of Fig Sap: Despite these concerns, fig sap is not just a byproduct to be wary of; it has valuable uses. It’s an excellent base for making vegan cheese and can be beneficial for treating skin infections like ringworm. When used appropriately, fig sap can nourish and benefit the skin.

How to Safely Use Fig Sap: If you’re adventurous and want to try using fig sap, here’s a safe way to handle it:

  • Wear rubber or latex gloves to protect your hands.
  • Harvest the sap from unripe fig branches early in the morning for the best yield.
  • To add it to milk for cheese-making:
    • Directly squeeze a few drops into the milk if the sap is plentiful.
    • Alternatively, rub the sap into a sterilized cloth, then rinse it in the milk.
    • Or, stir the milk with a sap-coated branch.
  • Allow the milk to set for up to 12 hours, checking for the desired consistency.

A Cautionary Tale: A member from our fig community shared a painful experience with photodermatitis caused by fig sap exposure while working under strong sunlight. This highlights the importance of being cautious with fig sap, especially during sunny days.

Fig sap, with all its peculiarities and uses, offers both benefits and challenges. While it’s an interesting natural product with several applications, especially in vegan cooking and natural remedies, handling it with care is crucial to avoid any adverse reactions.

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